Charging Effects

Some articles on charging effects, charging:

Auger Electron Spectroscopy - Uses and Limitations
... One of the most common limitations encountered with Auger spectroscopy are charging effects in non-conducting samples ... Charging results when the number of secondary electrons leaving the sample is different to the number of incident electrons, giving rise to a net ... Several processes have been developed to combat the issue of charging, though none of them is ideal and still make quantification of AES data difficult ...

Famous quotes containing the words effects and/or charging:

    If one judges love according to the greatest part of the effects it produces, it would appear to resemble rather hatred than kindness.
    François, Duc De La Rochefoucauld (1613–1680)

    Faster than fairies, faster than witches,
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    And charging along like troops in a battle,
    All through the meadows the horses and cattle;
    Robert Louis Stevenson (1850–1894)