Charging Effects

Some articles on charging effects, charging:

Auger Electron Spectroscopy - Uses and Limitations
... One of the most common limitations encountered with Auger spectroscopy are charging effects in non-conducting samples ... Charging results when the number of secondary electrons leaving the sample is different to the number of incident electrons, giving rise to a net polarity at the ... Several processes have been developed to combat the issue of charging, though none of them is ideal and still make quantification of AES data difficult ...

Famous quotes containing the words effects and/or charging:

    If I had any doubts at all about the justice of my dislike for Shakespeare, that doubt vanished completely. What a crude, immoral, vulgar, and senseless work Hamlet is. The whole thing is based on pagan vengeance; the only aim is to gather together as many effects as possible; there is no rhyme or reason about it.
    Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910)

    You must neither add anything to what I command you nor take away anything from it, but keep the commandments of the LORD your God with which I am charging you.
    Bible: Hebrew, Deuteronomy 4:2.