Bulgarian Exarchate

The Bulgarian Exarchate (Bulgarian: Българска екзархия Bâlgarska ekzarkhia) was the official name of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church before its autocephaly was recognized by the Ecumenical See in 1945 and the Bulgarian Patriarchate was restored in 1953.

The Exarchate (a de facto autocephaly) was unilaterally (without the blessing of the Ecumenical Patriarch) promulgated on May 23 1872, in the Bulgarian church in Constantinople in pursuance of the March 12 1870 firman of Sultan Abdülaziz of the Ottoman Empire.

The foundation of the Exarchate was the direct result of the struggle of the Bulgarian Orthodox against the domination of the Greek Patriarchate of Constantinople in the 1850s and 1860s; the secession from the Patriarchate was officially condemned by the Council in Constantinople in September 1872 as schismatic.

Read more about Bulgarian Exarchate:  National Awakening, Struggle For Autonomy, Establishment of The Bulgarian Exarchate, Bulgarian Schism, Territory of The Bulgarian Exarchate

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Territory of The Bulgarian Exarchate
... Until the Balkan Wars 1912/1913, the Bulgarian Exarchate disposed of a total of 23 bishoprics in Bulgaria, most of the Torlaks-populated area (in 1878 partly ceded by the ...
Gotse Delchev (town) - History - Bulgarian Reneisance Period
... Bulgarian population of Nevrokop stood against the Greek clergy for church independence and early Bulgarian education ... In 1862 in the town was found the first Bulgarian school with the first teacher Todor Nenov and in 1867 a school for girls was opened ... Bishop Agathangel gave the half the urban school for Bulgarian school, but after protests of Greeks and Vlachs the Bulgarian school was closed and Nenov - expelled ...
Slavic Speakers Of Greek Macedonia - History
... the beginning of the 9th century, the Slavic Bulgarian Empire conquered Northern Byzantine lands, including most of Macedonia ... Those regions remained under Bulgarian rule for two centuries, until conquest of Bulgaria by the Byzantine Emperor of the Macedonian dynasty Basil II in 1018 ... During the Middle Ages Slavs in South Macedonia were mostly defined as Bulgarians, and this continued also during 16th and 17th centuries by Ottoman historians and travellers like Hoca Sadeddin Efendi ...
Geographical Macedonia - History - The Birth of Nationalism and Of Macedonian Identities
... The historical references mention Greeks, Bulgarians, Turks, Albanian, Gypsies, Jews and Vlachs ... population in Macedonia was identified mostly as Bulgarian or Greek and occasionally as Serbian ... During the period of Bulgarian National Revival many Bulgarians from these regions supported the struggle for creation of Bulgarian cultural educational and religious ...
Macedonian Orthodox Church - History - Origins
... After the fall of the First Bulgarian Empire, Emperor Basil II acknowledged the autocephalous status of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and by virtue of special imperial decrees set ... and was established in 1019 by lowering the rank of the autocephalous Bulgarian Patriarchate and its subjugation to the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople ... and in 1874 it became part of the newly established Bulgarian Exarchate ...

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