The Ottoman Empire (Ottoman Turkish: دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i ʿAliyye-yi ʿOsmâniyye Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu), also historically referred to as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was a state founded by Turkish tribes under Osman Bey in north-western Anatolia in 1299. With the conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed II in 1453, the Ottoman state became an empire. The empire reached its peak at 1590, covering parts of Asia, Europe and Africa. The reign of the long-lived Ottoman dynasty lasted for 623 years, from 27 July 1299 to 1 November 1922, when the monarchy in Turkey was abolished.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, in particular at the height of its power under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire was one of the most powerful states in the world – a multinational, multilingual empire that stretched from the southern borders of the Holy Roman Empire to the outskirts of Vienna, Royal Hungary (modern Slovakia) and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the north to Yemen and Eritrea in the south; from Algeria in the west to Azerbaijan in the east; controlling much of southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. At the beginning of the 17th century the empire contained 32 provinces and numerous vassal states, some of which were later absorbed into the empire, while others were granted various types of autonomy during the course of centuries.
With Constantinople as its capital and vast control of lands around the Mediterranean basin, the empire was at the center of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for over six centuries.
After the international recognition of the new Turkish parliament headquartered in Ankara, by means of the Treaty of Lausanne signed on 24 July 1923, the Turkish parliament proclaimed on 29 October 1923 the establishment of the Republic of Turkey as the new Turkish State that succeeded and formally ended the defunct Ottoman Empire, in line with the treaty. The Ottoman Caliphate was abolished on 3 March 1924; the Caliphate's authority and properties were transferred to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
Other articles related to "ottoman empire, empire, ottomans, ottoman":
... The forerunner to Turkey, the Ottoman Empire, established relations with colonial South Africa, which was then part of the British Empire, in 1861 with the appointment of a Mr ... Bettelheim was sent from the Ottoman Empire to Cape Town in 1889 ... The Ottomans also maintained consulates in Durban and Johannesburg ...
... The Ottomans managed to build a very large collection of libraries ... to translate and make available to Ottoman educational institutions the geography book of Ptolemy ... In 1660 the Ottoman scholar Ibrahim Efendi al-Zigetvari Tezkireci translated Noël Duret's French astronomical work (written in 1637) into Arabic ...
1866 Third Italian War of Independence Kingdom of Italy Austrian Empire Armistice of Cormons and Treaty of Vienna Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia and Friuli. 1912 ... Italo-Turkish War Kingdom of Italy Ottoman Empire Italian victory, Italy gains Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, Fezzan and the Dodecanese Islands. 1918 ... World War I Italy United Kingdom Indian Empire Dominion of Canada Australia New Zealand South Africa Newfoundland Belgium France Russia Japan United States Serbia Other Allies Austria-Hungary ...
... Greater Syria, as termed within the Ottoman Empire, was composed of Syria, Lebanon, Israel, palestine, and Jordan ... Under the Ottoman Empire, Mount Lebanon (the region of the Lebanon mountain range) enjoyed political autonomy from the center because of its geographic ... Whereas Mount Lebanon enjoyed this independence from the Ottoman ruling center, Syrian cities maintained a closer political relationship to Istanbul ...
... Thousands of Christian crusaders (1396) – Executed by Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I after the Battle of Nicopolis in retaliation of the executions of thousands of Muslim soldiers fighting to conquer ...
Famous quotes containing the word empire:
“Let Rome in Tiber melt and the wide arch
Of the ranged empire fall! Here is my space.
Kingdoms are clay; our dungy earth alike
Feeds beast as man. The nobleness of life
Is to do thus; when such a mutual pair
And such a twain can do t, in which I bind,
On pain of punishment, the world to weet
We stand up peerless.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)