Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα, Elláda), officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία, Ellīnikî Dīmokratía), is a country in Southeast Europe. Athens is the country's capital and largest city (its urban area also including the municipality of Piraeus). According to the preliminary 2011 census data, Greece's population is about 11 million.
Greece has land borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of mainland Greece, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) in length, featuring a vast number of islands (approximately 1,400, of which 227 are inhabited), including Crete, the Dodecanese, the Cyclades, and the Ionian Islands among others. Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains, of which Mount Olympus is the highest at 2,917 m (9,570 ft).
Modern Greece traces its roots to the civilization of ancient Greece, generally considered the cradle of Western civilization. As such, it is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy. This legacy is partly reflected in the seventeen UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Greece, ranking Greece 7th in Europe and 13th in the world. The modern Greek state was established in 1830, following the Greek War of Independence.
Greece has been a member of what is now the European Union since 1981 and the eurozone since 2001, NATO since 1952, and is a founding member of the United Nations. Greece is a developed country with an advanced, high-income economy and very high standards of living, including the 21st highest quality of life as of 2010.
Other articles related to "greece":
... Qualifying Group 2 P W D L F A Pts 1 Greece 2 ... Norway 3 ... Georgia 4 ... Latvia 5 ... Slovenia 6 ... Albania 7 ... Georgia ...
... Main article Sport in Greece Panathenaic Stadium at the first day of the 1896 Summer Olympics (top) and the Olympic Stadium of Athens, during the 2004 games (bottom) ... Greece is the birthplace of the Olympic Games, first recorded in 776 BC ... Water polo and volleyball are also practiced widely in Greece while cricket and handball are relatively popular in Corfu and Veroia respectively ...
... late 1946 the weakening British economy meant the British could no longer support Greece, and so London asked the U.S ... Congress in May, 1947, responding to Truman's plea, granted Greece $400 million in military and economic aid ...
... Since 1996, he has served as Greece's ambassador to UNESCO ... In 2008, Vassilikos was among to 41 other personalities of Greece that condemned the action of the withdrawal of Ersi Sotiropoulou's book Zigzag ...
... and was used to facilitate military operations against Greece the following year ... period of Greek administration, the invasion of Greece by Nazi Germany followed in April 1941 and Greece capitulated ... Following Greece's surrender, Northern Epirus again became part of the Italian-occupied Albanian protectorate ...
Famous quotes containing the word greece:
“When a man hath no freedom to fight for at home,
Let him combat for that of his neighbors;
Let him think of the glories of Greece and of Rome,
And get knocked on the head for his labors.”
—George Gordon Noel Byron (17881824)
“Tell Greece that her spring has been taken out of her year.”
—Herodotus (c. 484424 B.C.)