Brown is a color term, denoting a range of composite colors produced by a mixture of orange, red, rose, or yellow with black or gray. The term is from Old English brún, in origin for any dusky or dark shade of color. The first recorded use of brown as a color name in English was in 1000. The Common Germanic adjective *brûnoz, *brûnâ meant both dark colors and a glistening or shining quality, whence burnish. The current meaning developed in Middle English from the 14th century.
The adjective is applied to naturally occurring colors, referring to animal fur, human hair, human skin pigmentation (tans), partially charred or carbonized fiber as in toasted bread and other foods, peat, withered leaves, etc.
In terms of the visible spectrum, "brown" refers to high wavelength (low frequency) hues, yellow, orange, or red, in combination with low luminance or saturation. Since brown may cover a wide range of the visible spectrum, composite adjectives are used such as red brown, yellowish brown, dark brown or light brown.
As a color of low intensity, brown is a tertiary color: a mix of the three subtractive primary colors is brown if the cyan content is low. Brown exists as a color perception only in the presence of a brighter color contrast yellow, orange, red, or rose objects are still perceived as such if the general illumination level is low, despite reflecting the same amount of red or orange light as a brown object would in normal lighting conditions.
Other articles related to "brown":
... On October 16, 1859, radical abolitionist John Brown led an attempt to start an armed slave revolt by seizing the U.S ... Brown and twenty followers, both whites (including two of Brown's sons) and blacks (three free blacks, one freedman, and one fugitive slave), planned to seize the armory and use weapons stored there ... Ten of the raiders were killed, including both of Brown's sons Brown himself along with a half dozen of his followers were captured four of the raiders ...
... Season Player Team(s) Games played Assists APG 1967–68 Brown, LarryLarry Brown* New Orleans Buccaneers 506. 6.5 1968–69 Brown, LarryLarry ...
... Joseph Roger "Joe" Brown, MBE (born 13 May 1941,) is an English entertainer ... Book of British Hit Singles Albums, as a "chirpy Cockney", Brown was one of the original artists managed by the early rock impresario Larry Parnes ...
... Animal Rights The Brown Dog affair was a political controversy about vivisection that raged in Edwardian England from 1903 until 1910 ... Business Pullman Brown is the color of the United Parcel Service (UPS) delivery company with their trademark brown trucks and uniforms it was earlier the color of Pullman rail ... UPS has filed two trademarks on the color brown to prevent other shipping companies (and possibly other companies in general) from using the color if it ...
... Its colouring ranges from orange to brown to almost black on its back and may include brown marbling or brown stripes on either side of its back, which aid in camouflage ...
Famous quotes containing the word brown:
“The human body is not a thing or substance, given, but a continuous creation. The human body is an energy system ... which is never a complete structure; never static; is in perpetual inner self-construction and self-destruction; we destroy in order to make it new.”
—Norman O. Brown (b. 1913)
“in the brown baked features
The eyes of a familiar compound ghost
Both intimate and unidentifiable.”
—T.S. (Thomas Stearns)
“The rivers tent is broken; the last fingers of leaf
Clutch and sink into the wet bank. The wind
Crosses the brown land, unheard. The nymphs are departed.
Sweet Thames, run softly, till I end my song.
The river bears no empty bottles, sandwich papers,
Silk handkerchiefs, cardboard boxes, cigarette ends
Or other testimony of summer nights.”
—T.S. (Thomas Stearns)