Brown is a color term, denoting a range of composite colors produced by a mixture of orange, red, rose, or yellow with black or gray. The term is from Old English brún, in origin for any dusky or dark shade of color. The first recorded use of brown as a color name in English was in 1000. The Common Germanic adjective *brûnoz, *brûnâ meant both dark colors and a glistening or shining quality, whence burnish. The current meaning developed in Middle English from the 14th century.
The adjective is applied to naturally occurring colors, referring to animal fur, human hair, human skin pigmentation (tans), partially charred or carbonized fiber as in toasted bread and other foods, peat, withered leaves, etc.
In terms of the visible spectrum, "brown" refers to high wavelength (low frequency) hues, yellow, orange, or red, in combination with low luminance or saturation. Since brown may cover a wide range of the visible spectrum, composite adjectives are used such as red brown, yellowish brown, dark brown or light brown.
As a color of low intensity, brown is a tertiary color: a mix of the three subtractive primary colors is brown if the cyan content is low. Brown exists as a color perception only in the presence of a brighter color contrast yellow, orange, red, or rose objects are still perceived as such if the general illumination level is low, despite reflecting the same amount of red or orange light as a brown object would in normal lighting conditions.
Other articles related to "brown":
... Its colouring ranges from orange to brown to almost black on its back and may include brown marbling or brown stripes on either side of its back, which aid in camouflage ...
... Joseph Roger "Joe" Brown, MBE (born 13 May 1941,) is an English entertainer ... by the Guinness Book of British Hit Singles Albums, as a "chirpy Cockney", Brown was one of the original artists managed by the early rock impresario Larry Parnes ...
... On October 16, 1859, radical abolitionist John Brown led an attempt to start an armed slave revolt by seizing the U.S ... Brown and twenty followers, both whites (including two of Brown's sons) and blacks (three free blacks, one freedman, and one fugitive slave), planned to seize ... Ten of the raiders were killed, including both of Brown's sons Brown himself along with a half dozen of his followers were captured four of the raiders escaped immediate capture ...
... Season Player Team(s) Games played Assists APG 1967–68 Brown, LarryLarry Brown* New Orleans Buccaneers 506. 6.5 1968–69 Brown, LarryLarry Brown* (2 ...
... Animal Rights The Brown Dog affair was a political controversy about vivisection that raged in Edwardian England from 1903 until 1910 ... Business Pullman Brown is the color of the United Parcel Service (UPS) delivery company with their trademark brown trucks and uniforms it was earlier the color of Pullman rail cars of the Pullman Company, and ... UPS has filed two trademarks on the color brown to prevent other shipping companies (and possibly other companies in general) from using the color if it creates "market confusion." In ...
Famous quotes containing the word brown:
“Freedom is poetry, taking liberties with words, breaking the rules of normal speech, violating common sense. Freedom is violence.”
—Norman O. Brown (b. 1913)
“Just the same as a month before,
The house and the trees,
The barns brown gable, the vine by the door,
Nothing changed but the hives of bees.”
—John Greenleaf Whittier (18071892)
“Slavery is malignantly aristocratic.”
—Antoinette Brown Blackwell (18251921)