Bhutan (Dzongkha: འབྲུག་ཡུལ་; Wylie transliteration: ʼbrug-yul "Druk Yul"), officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked state in South Asia located at the eastern end of the Himalayas. It is bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by the Republic of India. Further west, it is separated from Nepal by the Indian state of Sikkim, while further south it is separated from Bangladesh by the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal. Bhutan's capital and largest city is Thimphu.

Bhutan existed as a patchwork of minor warring fiefdoms until the early 17th century, when the lama and military leader Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, fleeing religious persecution in Tibet, unified the area and cultivated a distinct Bhutanese identity. Later, in the early 20th century, Bhutan came into contact with the British Empire and retained strong bilateral relations with India upon its independence. In 2006, based on a global survey, Business Week rated Bhutan the happiest country in Asia and the eighth-happiest in the world.

Bhutan's landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan heights in the north, where some peaks exceed 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). Its total area was reported as approximately 46,500 km2 (18,000 sq mi) in 1997 and 38,394 square kilometres (14,824 sq mi) in 2002. Bhutan's state religion is Vajrayana Buddhism and the population, now (as of 2012/2013) estimated to be nearly three-quarters of a million, is predominantly Buddhist. Hinduism is the second-largest religion.

In 2008, Bhutan made the transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy and held its first general election. As well as being a member of the United Nations, Bhutan is a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and hosted SAARC's sixteenth summit in April 2010.

Read more about BhutanEtymology, History, Government and Politics, Military and Foreign Affairs, Geography, Wildlife, Economy, Administrative Divisions, Cities and Towns, Demographics, Culture, Sports, Education

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List Of Universities In Bhutan
... This is a list of universities in Bhutan ... Royal Institute of Management Royal University of Bhutan Sherubtse College of the Royal University of Bhutan Royal Thimphu College List of universities in Asia Sovereign states Afghanistan Armenia ...
Subdivisions Of Bhutan - Economy
... Bhutan's currency is the ngultrum, whose value is fixed to the Indian rupee ... Though Bhutan's economy is one of the world's smallest, it has grown rapidly in recent years, by eight percent in 2005 and 14 percent in 2006 ... In 2007, Bhutan had the second fastest growing economy in the world, with an annual economic growth rate of 22.4 percent ...
Subdivisions Of Bhutan - Culture - Sports
... Bhutan's national sport is archery, and competitions are held regularly in most villages ... Cricket has gained popularity in Bhutan, particularly since the introduction of television channels from India ... The Bhutan national cricket team is one of the more successful affiliate nations in the region ...
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Bhutan - Traffic and Transport - Road
... The Lateral Road is Bhutan's primary east–west corridor, connecting Phuentsholing in the southwest to Trashigang in the east ... As with other roads in Bhutan, the Lateral Road presents serious safety concerns due to pavement conditions, sheer drops, hairpin turns, weather, and landslides ...