Aristotle (Ancient Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs) (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle's writings were the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality, aesthetics, logic, science, politics, and metaphysics.

Aristotle's views on the physical sciences profoundly shaped medieval scholarship, and their influence extended well into the Renaissance, although they were ultimately replaced by Newtonian physics. In the zoological sciences, some of his observations were confirmed to be accurate only in the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, which was incorporated in the late 19th century into modern formal logic. In metaphysics, Aristotelianism had a profound influence on philosophical and theological thinking in the Islamic and Jewish traditions in the Middle Ages, and it continues to influence Christian theology, especially the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals and revered as المعلم الأول - "The First Teacher". His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics. All aspects of Aristotle's philosophy continue to be the object of active academic study today. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues (Cicero described his literary style as "a river of gold"), it is thought that the majority of his writings are now lost and only about one-third of the original works have survived.

Read more about AristotleLife, Loss and Preservation of His Works, Legacy, List of Works

Other articles related to "aristotle":

Sophonias (commentator)
... a Byzantine monk who wrote commentaries or paraphrases of the works of Aristotle including De Anima, Sophistici Elenchi, Prior Analytics, and the Parva Naturalia, which are still extant ... In his works Sophonias has interwoven the statements of Aristotle with the scholia of Michael of Ephesus ... Sophonias wrote paraphrases of Aristotle's Categories, Prior Analytics, Sophistici Elenchi, De Anima, De Memoria and De Somno ...
Aristotle - List of Works
... The works of Aristotle that have survived from antiquity through medieval manuscript transmission are collected in the Corpus Aristotelicum ... These texts, as opposed to Aristotle's lost works, are technical philosophical treatises from within Aristotle's school ...
Aristotle (disambiguation)
... Aristotle (384 BC–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher ... Aristotle or Aristoteles may also refer to In other people Aristotle of Cyrene (4th century BC), philosopher of the Cyrenaic school Aristotle of Argos (3rd century BC ... company founded and led by brothers John Aristotle Phillips and Dean Aristotle Phillips, which specializes in data-mining voter data for political campaigns ...
Lambertus De Monte
... He wrote several Thomist commentaries on Aristotle, including the Physics, De anima, and the logica nova, most of which were printed in Cologne during his lifetime ... He was a defender of the Thomistic interpretation of Aristotle against that of Albert the Great and his followers ... Notably, he argued for Aristotle's salvation against the scholarly consensus that Aristotle was in Hell ...
Strongylocentrotus Droebachiensis - Anatomy - Internal Anatomy - Aristotle's Lantern
... Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis eats by using a special appendage called Aristotle’s Lantern to scrape or tear their food into digestible bits ... sea urchin crawls on top of its food and uses Aristotle's Lantern to tear up and masticate chunks of it ...

Famous quotes containing the word aristotle:

    Through Plato Aristotle came to believe in God, but Plato never attempted to prove His reality. Aristotle had to do so. Plato contemplated Him; Aristotle produced arguments to demonstrate Him. Plato never defined Him, but Aristotle thought God through logically and concluded with entire satisfaction to himself that He was the Unmoved Mover.
    Edith Hamilton (1867–1963)