The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree, species Malus domestica in the rose family (Rosaceae). It is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits, and the most widely known of the many members of genus Malus that are used by humans. Apples grow on small, deciduous trees. The tree originated in Western Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists. Apples have been present in the mythology and religions of many cultures, including Norse, Greek and Christian traditions. In 2010, the fruit's genome was decoded, leading to new understandings of disease control and selective breeding in apple production.
There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. Different cultivars are bred for various tastes and uses, including in cooking, fresh eating and cider production. Domestic apples are generally propagated by grafting, although wild apples grow readily from seed. Trees are prone to a number of fungal, bacterial and pest problems, which can be controlled by a number of organic and non-organic means.
About 69 million tonnes of apples were grown worldwide in 2010, and China produced almost half of this total. The United States is the second-leading producer, with more than 6% of world production. Turkey is third, followed by Italy, India and Poland. Apples are often eaten raw, but can also be found in many foods (especially desserts) and drinks. Many beneficial health effects have been found from eating apples; however, the seeds are slightly poisonous and two forms of allergies are seen to various proteins found in the fruit.
Other articles related to "apples, apple":
... Malus domestica cultivars, the cultivated apples, see Apple ... As Old English Wergulu, the crab apple is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century ... are used as rootstocks for domestic apples to add beneficial characteristics ...
... An earlier version of Apple Software Update (bundled with Safari, QuickTime, and iTunes for Microsoft Windows) selected Safari for installation from a list of ... John Lilly, CEO of Mozilla, stated that Apple's use of its updating software to promote its other products was "a bad practice and should stop." He argued that ... In a newer update, Apple Software Update no longer selected new installation items in the new software section by default (as of late 2008) ...
... Apple manufactured 12,000 TAMs, with a release run of 11,601 ... The remaining 399 were kept by Apple for use as spare parts ... Ten TAMs were sent to Apple Australia ...
... Originally, AppleWorks was an integrated software package for the Apple II platform, released in 1984 by Apple Computer ... In 1998, the name AppleWorks was repurposed by Apple following its elimination of its Claris subsidiary, which marketed a software package for Macintosh and Windows ... At one time, AppleWorks was bundled with all consumer-level Macs sold by Apple ...
... Apples, with skin (edible parts) Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 218 kJ (52 kcal) Carbohydrates 13.81 g - Sugars 10.39 g - Dietary fiber 2.4 ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults The proverb "An apple a day keeps the doctor away.", addressing the health effects of the fruit, dates from ... Research suggests that apples may reduce the risk of colon cancer, prostate cancer and lung cancer ...
Famous quotes containing the word apple:
“A man may build a complicated piece of mechanism, or pilot a steamboat, but not more than five out of ten know how the apple got into the dumpling.”
—Edward A. Boyden, U.S. womens magazine contributor. The Womans Magazine, pp. 423-5 (April 1888)
“she in the kitchen
aproned young and lovely wanting my baby
and so happy about me she burns the roast beef
and comes crying to me and I get up from my big papa chair
saying Christmas teeth! Radiant brains! Apple deaf!”
—Gregory Corso (b. 1930)
“No people require maxims so much as the American. The reason is obvious: the country is so vast, the people always going somewhere, from Oregon apple valley to boreal New England, that we do not know whether to be temperate orchards or sterile climate.”
—Edward Dahlberg (19001977)