A fundamental difficulty of studying ancient history is that recorded histories cannot document the entirety of human events, and only a fraction of those documents have survived into the present day. Furthermore, the reliability of the information obtained from these surviving records must be considered. Few people were capable of writing histories, as literacy was not widespread in almost any culture until long after the end of ancient history.
The Roman Empire was one of the ancient world's most literate cultures, but many works by its most widely read historians are lost. For example, Livy, a Roman historian who lived in the 1st century BC, wrote a history of Rome called Ab Urbe Condita (From the Founding of the City) in 144 volumes; only 35 volumes still exist, although short summaries of most of the rest do exist. Indeed, only a minority of the work of any major Roman historian has survived.
Historians have two major avenues which they take to better understand the ancient world: archaeology and the study of source texts. Primary sources are those sources closest to the origin of the information or idea under study. Primary sources have been distinguished from secondary sources, which often cite, comment on, or build upon primary sources.
Reasons that an area undergoes an archaeological field survey.
Read more about this topic: Ancient History
Other articles related to "study":
... Onomastics or onomatology is the study of proper names of all kinds and the origins of names ... Toponymy or toponomastics, the study of place names, is one of the principal branches of onomastics ... Anthroponomastics is the study of personal names ...
... Ecology is the study of the interactions between organisms and their environment ... Environmental chemistry is the study of chemical alterations in the environment ... Principal areas of study include soil contamination and water pollution ...
... engraved/segmented", hence "insect" and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of insects, a branch of arthropodology, which in turn is a branch of biology ... and historically the definition of entomology included the study of terrestrial animals in other arthropod groups or other phyla, such as arachnids, myriapods, earthworms ... within zoology, entomology is a taxon-based category any form of scientific study in which there is a focus on insect related inquiries is, by definition ...
... are often used interchangeably, but technically, ecology refers only to the study of organisms and their interactions with each other and their environment ... issues (for example) ecologists would be unlikely to study ... focuses on the application of biological, chemical, and physical principles to the study of the physical environment and the solution of environmental problems, including ...
... The study of anatomy flourished in the 17th and 18th centuries ... Because the study of anatomy concerned observation and drawings, the popularity of the anatomist was equal to the quality of his drawing talents, and one need not be an expert in Latin to take part ... anatomy students traveled around Europe from dissection to dissection during the course of their study - they had to go where a fresh body was available (e.g ...
Famous quotes containing the word study:
“Of making many books there is no end; and much study is a weariness of the flesh.”
—Bible: Hebrew Ecclesiastes 12:12.
“If we wish to know the force of human genius, we should read Shakespeare. If we wish to see the insignificance of human learning, we may study his commentators.”
—William Hazlitt (17781830)
“We should always remember that the work of art is invariably the creation of a new world, so that the first thing we should do is to study that new world as closely as possible, approaching it as something brand new, having no obvious connection with the worlds we already know. When this new world has been closely studied, then and only then let us examine its links with other worlds, other branches of knowledge.”
—Vladimir Nabokov (18991977)