A fundamental difficulty of studying ancient history is that recorded histories cannot document the entirety of human events, and only a fraction of those documents have survived into the present day. Furthermore, the reliability of the information obtained from these surviving records must be considered. Few people were capable of writing histories, as literacy was not widespread in almost any culture until long after the end of ancient history.
The Roman Empire was one of the ancient world's most literate cultures, but many works by its most widely read historians are lost. For example, Livy, a Roman historian who lived in the 1st century BC, wrote a history of Rome called Ab Urbe Condita (From the Founding of the City) in 144 volumes; only 35 volumes still exist, although short summaries of most of the rest do exist. Indeed, only a minority of the work of any major Roman historian has survived.
Historians have two major avenues which they take to better understand the ancient world: archaeology and the study of source texts. Primary sources are those sources closest to the origin of the information or idea under study. Primary sources have been distinguished from secondary sources, which often cite, comment on, or build upon primary sources.
Reasons that an area undergoes an archaeological field survey.
Read more about this topic: Ancient History
Other articles related to "study":
... The study of anatomy flourished in the 17th and 18th centuries ... Because the study of anatomy concerned observation and drawings, the popularity of the anatomist was equal to the quality of his drawing talents, and one need not be an expert in Latin to take part ... students traveled around Europe from dissection to dissection during the course of their study - they had to go where a fresh body was available (e.g ...
... and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of insects, a branch of arthropodology, which in turn is a branch of biology ... was more vague, and historically the definition of entomology included the study of terrestrial animals in other arthropod groups or other phyla, such as arachnids, myriapods, earthworms, land ... entomology is a taxon-based category any form of scientific study in which there is a focus on insect related inquiries is, by definition, entomology ...
... Ecology is the study of the interactions between organisms and their environment ... Environmental chemistry is the study of chemical alterations in the environment ... Principal areas of study include soil contamination and water pollution ...
... often used interchangeably, but technically, ecology refers only to the study of organisms and their interactions with each other and their environment ... chemical or public health issues (for example) ecologists would be unlikely to study ... of biological, chemical, and physical principles to the study of the physical environment and the solution of environmental problems, including subjects such as abating or controlling environmental pollution ...
... Onomastics or onomatology is the study of proper names of all kinds and the origins of names ... Toponymy or toponomastics, the study of place names, is one of the principal branches of onomastics ... Anthroponomastics is the study of personal names ...
Famous quotes containing the word study:
“The life of a good man will hardly improve us more than the life of a freebooter, for the inevitable laws appear as plainly in the infringement as in the observance, and our lives are sustained by a nearly equal expense of virtue of some kind. The decaying tree, while yet it lives, demands sun, wind, and rain no less than the green one. It secretes sap and performs the functions of health. If we choose, we may study the alburnum only. The gnarled stump has as tender a bud as the sapling.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“There are obvious places in which government can narrow the chasm between haves and have-nots. One is the public schools, which have been seen as the great leveler, the authentic melting pot. That, today, is nonsense. In his scathing study of the nations public school system entitled Savage Inequalities, Jonathan Kozol made manifest the truth: that we have a system that discriminates against the poor in everything from class size to curriculum.”
—Anna Quindlen (b. 1952)
“One who does not study hard when young will find it too late for regret when old.”