Ancient history is the study of the written past from the beginning of recorded human history to the Early Middle Ages. The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000 years, with Cuneiform script, the oldest discovered form of coherent writing, from the protoliterate period around the 30th century BC. This is the beginning of history, as opposed to prehistory, according to the definition used by most historians.
The term classical antiquity is often used to refer to history in the Old World from the beginning of recorded Greek history in 776 BC (First Olympiad). This roughly coincides with the traditional date of the founding of Rome in 753 BC, the beginning of the history of ancient Rome, and the beginning of the Archaic period in Ancient Greece. Although the ending date of ancient history is disputed, some Western scholars use the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, the closure of the Platonic Academy in 529 AD, the death of the emperor Justinian I, the coming of Islam or the rise of Charlemagne as the end of ancient and Classical European history.
In India, the period includes the early period of the Middle Kingdoms, and, in China, the time up to the Qin Dynasty is included.
Other articles related to "history, ancient history, ancient":
... English classical historian, best known in the field for a major work, the voluminous History of Greece, still read ... classical historian and sociologist, professor of ancient history at the University of Cambridge 1985–2001 ... English academic and historian, currently a Fellow of New College, Oxford, Lecturer in Ancient History at Exeter College, Oxford and University Reader in Ancient History ...
... Ancient music is music that developed in literate cultures, replacing prehistoric music ... Ancient music refers to the various musical systems that were developed across various geographical regions such as Persia, India, China, Greece, Rome, Egypt and ... Ancient music is designated by the characterization of the basic audible tones and scales ...
... However, some sections can be suggested History this should include both recent history (who is teaching now, where they learned, how the art came to be widely known) and ancient history if applicable (if the ... Ancient history will very often be a matter of debate in order to maintain a neutral point of view, all versions in common circulation should be described, whether ... Ancient history may well be shared with related arts, so this might belong on the family page ...
... Aqaba has been an inhabited settlement since 4000 BC profiting from its strategic location at the junction of trading routes between Asia, Africa, and Europe ... The early settlement was presumably Edomite in ancient times ...
Famous quotes containing the words ancient history, history and/or ancient:
“Ancient history has an air of antiquity. It should be more modern. It is written as if the specator should be thinking of the backside of the picture on the wall, or as if the author expected that the dead would be his readers, and wished to detail to them their own experience.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“... in America ... children are instructed in the virtues of the system they live under, as though history had achieved a happy ending in American civics.”
—Mary McCarthy (19121989)
“Today, as you know, I am famous and very rich. But when I am alone with myself, I havent the courage to consider myself an artist, in the great and ancient sense of that word ... I am only a public entertainer, who understands his age.”
—Pablo Picasso (18811973)