Fixed-wing aircraft, popularly called aeroplanes, airplanes or just planes may be built with many wing configurations.
This page provides a breakdown of types, allowing a full description of any aircraft's wing configuration. For example the Spitfire wing may be classified as a conventional low wing cantilever monoplane with straight elliptical wings of moderate aspect ratio and slight dihedral.
Sometimes the distinction between types is blurred, for example the wings of many modern combat aircraft may be described either as cropped compound deltas with (forwards or backwards) swept trailing edge, or as sharply tapered swept wings with large "Leading Edge Root Extension" (or LERX).
All the configurations described have flown (if only very briefly) on full-size aircraft, except as noted.
Some variants may be duplicated under more than one heading, due to their complex nature. This is particularly so for variable geometry and combined (closed) wing types.
- Note on terminology
- Most fixed-wing aircraft have left hand (port) and right hand (starboard) wings in a symmetrical arrangement. Strictly, such a pair of wings is called a wing plane or just plane. However in certain situations it is common to refer to a plane as a wing, as in "a biplane has two wings", or to refer to the whole thing as a wing, as in "a biplane wing has two planes". Where the meaning is clear, this article follows common usage, only being more precise where needed to avoid real ambiguity or incorrectness.
Read more about Wing Configuration: Number and Position of Main-planes, Wing Support, Wing Planform, Tailplanes and Foreplanes, Dihedral and Anhedral, Wings Vs. Bodies, Variable Geometry, Minor Aerodynamic Surfaces, Minor Surface Features
Famous quotes containing the word wing:
“If a liberal policy towards the late Rebels is adopted, the ultra Republicans are opposed to it; if the colored people are honored, the extremists of the other wing cry out against it. I suspect I am right in both cases.”
—Rutherford Birchard Hayes (18221893)