Who is georg wilhelm friedrich hegel?

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel ( ; August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher, and a major figure in German Idealism. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and was an important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism.

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    Education is the art of making man ethical.
    —Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    World history is a court of judgment.
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    The East knew and to the present day knows only that One is Free; the Greek and the Roman world, that some are free; the German World knows that All are free. The first political form therefore which we observe in History, is Despotism, the second Democracy and Aristocracy, the third, Monarchy.
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    In history an additional result is commonly produced by human actions beyond that which they aim at and obtain—that which they immediately recognize and desire. They gratify their own interest; but something further is thereby accomplished, latent in the actions in question, though not present to their consciousness, and not included in their design.
    —Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    But the life of Spirit is not the life that shrinks from death and keeps itself untouched by devastation, but rather the life that endures it and maintains itself in it. It wins its truth only when, in utter dismemberment, it finds itself.... Spirit is this power only by looking the negative in the face, and tarrying with it. This tarrying with the negative is the magical power that converts it into being. This power is identical with what we earlier called the Subject.
    —Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    But what experience and history teach is this—that peoples and governments have never learned anything from history, or acted on principles deduced from it.
    —Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)