Kerala (/ˈkeɪrələ/), also known as Keralam (/ˈkeɪrələm/) is a state located in the south-west region of India on the Malabar coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 by the States Reorganisation Act by combining various Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi) with a population of 3.33 crore (33.3 million), it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and north-east, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Arabian Sea to the west. Thiruvananthapuram is the state capital among the 14 districts; other major cities include Kochi and Kozhikode.
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