Sucrose is the organic compound commonly known as table sugar and sometimes called saccharose. A white, odorless, crystalline powder with a sweet taste, it is best known for its nutritional role. The molecule is a disaccharide composed of the monosaccharides glucose and fructose with the molecular formula C12H22O11. The word was formed in mid-19th century from Latin sucrum = "sugar" and the chemical suffix -ose.

The world produced about 168 million tonnes of table sugar in 2011.

Read more about Sucrose:  Physical and Chemical Properties, Synthesis and Biosynthesis of Sucrose, As A Food, Metabolism of Sucrose, Human Health, Trade and Economics