Spivak Pronoun

Spivak Pronoun

The Spivak pronouns are a proposed set of gender-neutral pronouns in English popularized by LambdaMOO based on pronouns used by Michael Spivak. Though not in widespread use, they have been employed in gender-neutral language by some people who dislike the more common alternatives "he/she" or singular they.

Two variants of the Spivak pronouns are in use, highlighted in the declension table below.

Subject Object Possessive Adjective Possessive Pronoun Reflexive
Masculine he laughs I hugged him his heart warmed that is his he loves himself
Feminine she laughs I hugged her her heart warmed that is hers she loves herself
Singular they they laugh I hugged them their heart warmed that is theirs they love themself
Elverson (1975) ey laughs I hugged em eir heart warmed that is eirs ey loves emself
MacKay (1980) E laughs I hugged E Es heart warmed
Spivak (1983) E laughs I hugged Em Eir heart warmed
LambdaMOO “spivak” (1991) e laughs I hugged em eir heart warmed that is eirs e loves emself

Read more about Spivak Pronoun:  History, Usage

Famous quotes containing the words spivak and/or pronoun:

    The fall into the abyss of deconstruction inspires us with as much pleasure as fear. We are intoxicated with the prospect of never hitting bottom.
    —Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (b. 1942)

    Would mankind be but contented without the continual use of that little but significant pronoun “mine” or “my own,” with what luxurious delight might they revel in the property of others!... But if envy makes me sicken at the sight of everything that is excellent out of my own possession, then will the sweetest food be sharp as vinegar, and every beauty will in my depraved eyes appear as deformity.
    Sarah Fielding (1710–1768)