Single Vegetative Obstruction Model - Mathematical Formulations

Mathematical Formulations

The single vegetative obstruction model is formally expressed as,

where, A = The Attenuation due to vegetation. Unit: decibel(dB).

d = Depth of foliage. Unit: Meter (m).

= Specific attenuation for short vegetative paths. Unit: decibel per meter (dB/m).

Ri = The initial slope of the attenuation curve.

Rf = The final slope of the attenuation curve.

f = The frequency of operations. Unit: gigahertz (GHz).

k = Empirical constant.

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