European settlement began with the Spanish settlement of Santa Catarina island in 1542. The Portuguese took control in 1675 and established the captaincy of Santa Catarina in 1738.
Large numbers of European immigrants, especially from Germany, began arriving early in the nineteenth century. Immigrants from Italy, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Japan and other parts of Europe followed. These immigrants created an abundance of small, family-held farms, many of which continue to exist in the interior of the state.
Late in March 2004, the state was hit by the first hurricane ever recorded in the South Atlantic. Because there is no naming system for such an event in Brazil, Brazilian meteorologists called it Cyclone Catarina, after the state.
Read more about this topic: Santa Catarina (state)
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