Rup Dialects - Phonological and Morphological Characteristics of The "true" Rup Dialects

Phonological and Morphological Characteristics of The "true" Rup Dialects

  • The reflex of Old Church Slavonic yat is usually before a hard syllable and broad e before a soft syllable: бял/бли instead of formal Bulgarian бял/бели (white)
  • Vowel reduction of unstressed /a/, /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ which is weaker than the reduction in the Balkan dialects, yet stronger than the one accepted in the formal language
  • Transition of a into /ɛ/ or broad e after a soft (palatal) consonant and before a soft syllable: жаба-жеби/жби (frog-frogs), чаша-чеши/чæши (cup-cups), пиян-пийени/пийни (drunk sing. - drunk pl.), which is similar to the one in the Central Balkan dialect. This is not accepted in Standard Bulgarian, which has instead adopted Western Bulgarian жаба-жаби, чаша-чаши, пиян-пияни
  • ъ for Old Church Slavonic ѫ (yus) and ъ (as in Standard Bulgarian) – мъш, сън (man, sleep)
  • for both Old Church Slavonic little yus (ѧ) and ь (Standard Bulgarian has ɛ for the little yus and for the small jer)
  • Suffix -цки instead of -ски for qualitative adjectives: женцки instead of formal Bulgarian женски (female)

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