Rani (Devnagari: रानी, Urdu language: رانی) alternatively spelled Ranee, is the female equivalent of Raja. In many Indo-Aryan languages it can mean "queen" or "lady". People with the title Rani include:

  • Rani Abbakka Chowta, Queen of Ullal (circa 16th century)
  • Rani Mangammal (1689-1704), Queen of the Madurai Nayak Dynasty
  • Rani Gowri Lakshmi Bayi (1791-1814), Queen of Travancore
  • Rani Gowri Parvati Bayi (1802-1853), Queen of Travancore
  • Rani Lakshmibai (1828/1835-1858), Queen of Jhansi
  • Rani Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi (1848-1901), Queen of Travancore
  • Rani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi (1895-1985), Queen of Travancore

Rani may also refer to:

  • Rani Maria Vattalil, Servant of God and Franciscan clarist Missionary from Kerala
  • Rani Mukerji (born 1978), Indian actress
  • Devika Rani, early actress
  • Rani (actress), a Pakistani actress
  • Rani (TV series), a Pakistani television serial
  • Rani Chandra, Malayan actress
  • Rani (Malayalam poem)
  • Rani, Rajasthan, a city in India
  • Räni, village in Estonia
  • Rani (Slavic tribe), a medieval West Slavic tribe
  • Rani, a Faroese name
  • Rani, a fictional fairy in Disney Fairies
  • Rani (Doctor Who), character from the science fiction series Doctor Who
  • Rani Chandra (The Sarah Jane Adventures), character from the Doctor Who spin-off The Sarah Jane Adventures
  • Rani Kapoor, a fictional character from the Australian soap opera Neighbours