preceded by Modernism
  • Hypermodernity
  • Hypermodernism in art
  • Metamodernism
  • Post-anarchism
  • Posthumanism
  • Postmodernist anthropology
  • Post-processual archaeology
  • Postmodern architecture
  • Postmodern art
  • Postmodern Christianity
  • Postmodern dance
  • Postmodern feminism
  • Postmodernist film
  • Postmodern literature
  • Post-Marxism
  • Post-materialism
  • Postmodern music
  • Postmodern picture book
  • Postmodern philosophy
  • Postmodern psychology
  • Postmodern political science
  • Postpositivism
  • Post-postmodernism
  • Postmodernist school
  • Postmodern social
    construction of nature
  • Postmodern theatre
  • Post-structuralism
  • Criticism of postmodernism

Post-structuralism is a label formulated by American academics to denote the heterogeneous works of a series of mid-20th-century French and continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to international prominence in the 1960s and '70s. A major theme of poststructuralism is instability in the human sciences, due to the complexity of humans themselves and the impossibility of fully escaping structures in order to study them.

Post-structuralism is a response to structuralism. Structuralism is an intellectual movement developed in Europe from the early to mid-20th century. It argued that human culture may be understood by means of a structure—modeled on language (i.e., structural linguistics)—that differs from concrete reality and from abstract ideas—a "third order" that mediates between the two. Post-structuralist authors all present different critiques of structuralism, but common themes include the rejection of the self-sufficiency of the structures that structuralism posits and an interrogation of the binary oppositions that constitute those structures. Writers whose work is often characterised as post-structuralist include Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Judith Butler, Jacques Lacan, and Julia Kristeva, although many theorists who have been called "post-structuralist" have rejected the label.

The movement is closely related to postmodernism. As with structuralism, antihumanism is often a central tenet. Existential phenomenology is a significant influence; Colin Davis has argued that post-structuralists might just as accurately be called "post-phenomenologists". Some commentators have criticized poststructuralism for being radically relativistic or nihilistic; others have objected to its extremity and linguistic complexity. Others see it as a threat to traditional values or professional scholarly standards.

Read more about Poststructuralists:  Post-structuralism and Structuralism, History, See Also