Pakatan Rakyat

Pakatan Rakyat or PR (English: People's Pact / People's Alliance is an informal Malaysian political coalition. It currently controls three state governments while in opposition to the ruling Barisan Nasional at the federal level.

The political coalition was formed by the People's Justice Party (PKR), Democratic Action Party (DAP), and Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) on April 1, 2008, after the 12th Malaysian general election, having previously formed the Barisan Alternatif (Alternative Front) in the 10th general election. On April 20, 2010, the Sarawak National Party (SNAP) officially joined as a member of the Pakatan Rakyat after being expelled from Barisan Nasional, but quit the coalition on May 6, 2011.

The former three parties had worked together in the 12th Malaysian general election, in which they gained control of five state assemblies and made significant gains at the federal level, denying the Barisan Nasional a two-thirds majority in the federal parliament. With the establishment of the Pakatan Rakyat coalition, the state governments of Kelantan, Kedah, Penang and Selangor are known as the Pakatan Rakyat state governments. Perak was also under Pakatan control, but in February 2009 3 Pakatan state assembly members switched allegiances to independent members who supported Barisan Nasional, causing a constitutional crisis that, following the judgement of the federal court, resulted in Barisan Nasional taking power.

In the recent 2013 general election, Pakatan Rakyat managed to increase its share in Parliament by additional seven seats and for two consecutive general election, denying two-third majority of Barisan Nasional. Pakatan Rakyat also increase its power in Pulau Pinang and Selangor. However, it lost another state to Barisan Nasional (Kedah).

Pakatan Rakyat is to be collectively led and managed by all constituent parties and pledges to uphold the rights and interests of all Malaysians. Each political party in People's Alliance has its own ideology; PKR promotes its ideals that revolves around social justice and anti-corruption themes, PAS with its aim to establish Malaysia as a nation based on Islamic legal theory and DAP with its secular, multi-racial, social democratic ideals.

Read more about Pakatan RakyatHistory, Policies, Frontbench Committees, Component Parties, Pakatan Rakyat State Governments, See Also

Other articles related to "pakatan rakyat, rakyat":

Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin
... Nizar heads the Pakatan Rakyat coalition in Perak which consists mainly of members mainly from the Democratic Action Party (DAP), the Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) and his own party, PAS ... Nizar was the first MB from the Pakatan Rakyat coalition ... his party was the smallest party in Pakatan Rakyat and the state assembly ...
Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin - Appointment As Menteri Besar
... On 8 March 2008, the Pakatan Rakyat coalition in Perak won 31 seats of the 59 seat Perak State Assembly, which enabled it to form a majority state government ... Action Party commanded the most seats out of the 31 seats held by Pakatan Rakyat and were the claimants to the post of Menteri Besar ... then ordered a delay of the swearing in ceremony and asked all 31 of Pakatan Rakyat's assemblymen to pledge their support of Nizar's appointment, since otherwise Nizar is shown as not ...
Muhammad Muhammad Taib - Joining PAS
... On April 2013, Mat Taib joined PAS, a component party of Pakatan Rakyat ... Ironically, in previous statements Muhammad was a strong critic for the current Pakatan Rakyat led state of Selangor ... He stated that Pakatan Rakyat Selangor, under the helm of the current Mentri Besar of Selangor Tan Sri Khalid Ibrahim was losing grip of the state ...
12th Malaysian Parliament - Events - First Sitting
... MPs were sworn in on the first day of the first session of the Dewan Rakyat, all except Opposition Leader Wan Azizah received personal invitations for them and their spouses to attend the ... Deputy Prime Minister and now the de facto leader of Pakatan Rakyat, was not officially invited to attend the ceremony ... On 28 May, controversy arose in the Dewan Rakyat after Pakatan Rakyat MPs protested that the outcome of a voice vote on part of the Supplementary Supply Bill 2008 (2007) had been unclear ...
Ketuanan Melayu - Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Meritocracy, and ketuanan Melayu - Political Watershed
... the first time without its customary 2/3 supermajority in the Dewan Rakyat, meaning it could no longer pass constitutional amendments without the support of opposition parties ... UMNO deputy President and former Deputy Prime Minister, whose Parti Keadilan Rakyat became the second-largest party in Parliament after the elections, and the de ... to see," urging instead the adoption of ketuanan rakyat ...