The Oneida Indian Nation (hereinafter referred to as OIN) is the federally recognized Oneida tribe that resides in New York, where the tribe originated and held its historic territory long before European colonialism. It is an Iroquoian-speaking people, and its early nation was one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Hauendosaunee. Three other recognized Oneida tribes are in other locations where they migrated during and after the American Revolutionary War: one in Wisconsin in the United States, and two in Ontario, Canada.
Today it owns tribal land in Verona, Oneida, and Canastota, on which it operates a number of businesses, including a resort with a Class III gambling casino.
Since the late twentieth century, the OIN has been a party to land claim suits against the state of New York for treaties and purchases made without ratification by the United States Senate, as required under the US Constitution. Litigation has been complex, related to trust lands, property and sales taxes. Agreements and settlements with different levels of governments are still being negotiated.
Read more about Oneida Indian Nation: Businesses, Tax Issues, Criticism, Potential Pact Between Oneida County and The Oneida
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