Moscow

Moscow ( /ˈmɒskaʊ/ or /ˈmɒskoʊ/; Russian: Москва, Moskva; ) is the capital city and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural and scientific center in Russia and in Europe. According to Forbes 2011, Moscow has the largest community of billionaires in the world. Moscow is the northernmost megacity on Earth, the most populous city in Europe, and the 5th largest city proper in the world. It's also the largest city in Russia with a population, according to the 2010 Census, of 11,503,501. By its territorial expansion on July 1, 2012 southwest into the Moscow Oblast, the capital increased its area 2.5 times; from about 1,000 square kilometers (390 sq mi) up to 2,500 square kilometers (970 sq mi), and gained additional population of 230,000 people.

Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia. In the course of its history the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Soviet Union. Moscow is the site of the Moscow Kremlin, an ancient fortress that is today the residence of the Russian president and of the executive branch of the Government of Russia. The Kremlin is also one of several World Heritage Sites in the city. Both chambers of the Russian parliament (the State Duma and the Federation Council) also sit in Moscow.

The city is served by an extensive transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, and one of the deepest underground metro systems in the world, the Moscow Metro, third to Tokyo and Seoul in terms of passenger numbers. It is recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich and varied architecture of its 185 stations.

Over time, Moscow has acquired a number of epithets, most referring to its size and preeminent status within the nation: The Third Rome (Третий Рим), The Whitestone One (Белокаменная), The First Throne (Первопрестольная), The Forty Forties (Сорок Сороков). In old Russian the word "Сорок" (forty) also meant a church administrative district, which consisted of about forty churches. The demonym for a Moscow resident is Moskvitch, rendered in English as Muscovite."

Read more about Moscow:  History, Politics, Science and Education, Future Development, Media, Famous People

Other articles related to "moscow":

Vladimir Of Staritsa
... Princess Euphrosyne Khovanskaya, Vladimir spent his childhood under strict surveillance in Moscow ... He summoned Vladimir to Moscow and signed with him a treaty, whereby he was to live in Moscow with a small retinue and avoid contacts with Ivan's boyars ... Oprichniks burnt Vladimir's palace in Moscow, and most of his lands were confiscated into Oprichnina ...
Gorki Leninskiye
... is an urban locality (a work settlement) in Leninsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) south of Moscow city limits and the Moscow Ring Road ... Anatoly Reynbot, who was Governor General of Moscow in 1905 during the Revolution of 1905 ... After the Soviet government moved to Moscow in 1918, the luxurious estate was nationalized and converted into Vladimir Lenin's dacha ...
Boris Yegorov
... November 26, 1937, Moscow – September 12, 1994, Moscow) was a Soviet physician-cosmonaut and he became the first physician ... He also selected medicine as a career and graduated from the "First Moscow Medical Institute" in 1961 ... Soviet cosmonaut Date of birth November 26, 1937 Place of birth Moscow, Russia Date of death September 12, 1994 Place of death Moscow, Russia ...
Edison Denisov - Biography
... In 1951-56 Denisov studied at the Moscow Conservatory — composition with Vissarion Shebalin, orchestration with Nikolai Rakov, analysis with Viktor Zuckerman and piano with Vladimir Belov ... After graduating from the Moscow Conservatory, he taught orchestration and later composition there ... of the ACM - Association for Contemporary Music reestablished in Moscow in 1990 ...
Moscow, Wisconsin - Demographics
... There were 208 households out of which 38.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.9% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.8% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...

Famous quotes containing the word moscow:

    Napoleon is a torrent which as yet we are unable to stem. Moscow will be the sponge that will suck him dry.
    Mikhail Kutuzov (1745–1813)