**Mathematical statistics** is the study of statistics from a mathematical standpoint, using probability theory as well as other branches of mathematics such as linear algebra and analysis. The term "mathematical statistics" is closely related to the term "statistical theory" but also embraces modelling for actuarial science and non-statistical probability theory.

Statistics deals with gaining information from data. In practice, data often contain some randomness or uncertainty. Statistics handles such data using methods of probability theory.

Read more about Mathematical Statistics: Introduction, Statistics, Mathematics, and Mathematical Statistics

### Famous quotes containing the words mathematical and/or statistics:

“It is by a *mathematical* point only that we are wise, as the sailor or the fugitive slave keeps the polestar in his eye; but that is sufficient guidance for all our life. We may not arrive at our port within a calculable period, but we would preserve the true course.”

—Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

“and Olaf, too

preponderatingly because

unless *statistics* lie he was

more brave than me: more blond than you.”

—E.E. (Edward Estlin)