Mary Harris Jones
Mary Harris "Mother" Jones (August 1, 1830 – November 30, 1930) was an Irish-American schoolteacher and dressmaker who became a prominent labor and community organizer. She then helped coordinate major strikes and co-founded the Industrial Workers of the World.
Jones worked as a teacher and dressmaker, but after her husband and four children all died of yellow fever and her workshop was destroyed in a fire in 1871, she began working as an organizer for the Knights of Labor and the United Mine Workers union. She was a very effective speaker, punctuating her speeches with stories, audience participation, humor and dramatic stunts. From 1897 (when she was 60) she was known as Mother Jones and in 1902 she was called "the most dangerous woman in America" for her success in organizing mine workers and their families against the mine owners. In 1903, upset about the lax enforcement of the child labor laws in the Pennsylvania mines and silk mills, she organized a Children's March from Philadelphia to the home of then president Theodore Roosevelt in New York.
The magazine Mother Jones, established in 1970, is named after her.
Famous quotes containing the words mary, harris and/or jones:
“The others acted a role; I was the role. She who was Mary Garden died that it might live. That was my genius ... and my sacrifice. It drained off so much of me that by comparison my private life was empty. I could not give myself completely twice.”
—Mary Garden (18741967)
“Many the hopes that have vanished,
After the ball.”
—Charles K. Harris (18671930)
“Well, Id certainly say she had marvelous judgment, Albert, if not particularly good taste.”
—L.Q. Jones [Justus Mcqueen] (b. 1936)