Major is a rank of commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces.
When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicator of rank, the term refers to the rank just senior to that of an army captain and just below the rank of lieutenant colonel. It is considered the most junior of the field ranks. In some militaries, notably France, the rank is referred to as commandant, while in others it is known as captain-major. It is also used in some police forces and other paramilitary rank structures, such as the New York State Police, New Jersey State Police and several others. As a police rank, Major roughly corresponds to the UK rank of Superintendent.
When used in hyphenated or combined fashion, the term can also imply seniority at other levels of rank, including general-major or major general, denoting a mid-level general officer, and sergeant major, denoting the most senior NCO of a military unit.
It can also be used with a hyphen to denote the leader of a military band such as in pipe-major or drum-major.
Famous quotes containing the word major:
“Self-esteem evolves in kids primarily through the quality of our relationships with them. Because they cant see themselves directly, children know themselves by reflection. For the first several years of their lives, you are their major influence. Later on, teachers and friends come into the picture. But especially at the beginning, youre it with a capital I.”
—Stephanie Martson (20th century)
“Inanimate objects are classified scientifically into three major categoriesthose that dont work, those that break down and those that get lost.”
—Russell Baker (b. 1925)
“A major power can afford a military debacle only when it looks like a political victory.”
—Friedrich Dürrenmatt (19211990)