Luanda - Demographics


The inhabitants of Luanda are primarily members of African ethnic groups, mainly Ambundu, the Ovimbundu and the Bakongo. The official and the most widely used language is Portuguese, although several Bantu- languages are also used, chiefly Kimbundu, Umbundu, and Kikongo. There is a sizable minority population of European origin, especially Portuguese, as well as Brazilians and other Latin Americans. Over the last decades, a significant Chinese community has formed, as has a (much smaller) Vietnamese community. There is a sprinkling of immigrants from other African countries including a small expatriate South African community. Many people of Luanda are of mixed race - European/Portuguese and native African. In recent years (mainly since the mid-2000s) immigration from Portugal has increased due to Portugal's recession and poor economic situation.

The population of Luanda has grown dramatically in recent years, due in large part to war-time migration to the city, which is safe compared to the rest of the country. However, Luanda has recently seen an increase in violent crime, particularly in the shanty towns that surround the colonial urban core.

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