Lokomotiv is a shortcut for Lokomotiv Voluntary Sports Society that existed in the former Soviet Union. It was owned and supported by national railroad companies, hence the name. VSS Lokomotiv contained a lot of clubs, that bore the same name. The name "Lokomotiv" was also used by clubs in other socialist countries.

Today, Lokomotiv may refer, for instance, to:

  • football clubs:
    • KF Lokomotiva Durres, Albania
    • FC Lokomotiv Astana, Kazakhstan
    • 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig, Germany
    • FC Lokomotiv Moscow, Russia
    • FC Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
    • PFC Lokomotiv Plovdiv, Bulgaria
    • PFC Lokomotiv Sofia, Bulgaria
    • FC Lokomotiv Gorna Oryahovitsa, Bulgaria
    • FC Lokomotivi Tbilisi, Georgia
  • other sport clubs:
    • Lokomotiv Yaroslavl, a Russian hockey team
    • Lokomotiv Belgorod, a Russian volleyball team
    • RC Lokomotiv Moscow, a Russian rugby league team
    • Lokomotiv Cove, an Australian amateur football team
    • Lokomotiv Rostov, a Russian basketball team
  • musical group:
    • Lokomotiv, a Southern California band