Coordinates: 27°24′N 111°48′E / 27.4°N 111.8°E / 27.4; 111.8

Hunan Province
Abbreviations: 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng)
Origin of name 湖 hú - lake
南 nán - south
"south of the lake "
Administration type Province
(and largest city)
CPC Ctte Secretary Zhou Qiang
Governor Xu Shousheng
Area 211,800 km2 (81,800 sq mi) (10th)
- Latitude 24° 38' to 30° 08' N
- Longitude 108° 47' to 114° 16' E
Population (2010)
- Density
65,683,722 (7th)
316 /km2 (820 /sq mi) (13th)
GDP (2011)

- per capita
CNY 1.90 trillion
US$ 300 billion (10th)
CNY 24,719
US$ 3,652 (20th)
HDI (2008) 0.781 (medium) (19th)
Ethnic composition Han - 90%
Tujia - 4%
Miao - 3%
Dong - 1%
Yao - 1%
Languages and dialects Xiang Chinese
Prefectural level 14 divisions
County level 122 divisions
Township level* 2576 divisions
ISO 3166-2 CN-43
Official website (English)
Source for population and GDP data: Source for nationalities data: *
Template • Discussion • WikiProject China

Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; pinyin: Húnán) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the south-central part of the country to the south of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, which means "south of the lake"). Hunan is sometimes called and officially abbreviated as "湘" (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province.

Hunan borders Hubei in the north, Jiangxi to the east, Guangdong to the south, Guangxi to the southwest, Guizhou to the west, and Chongqing to the northwest. The capital is Changsha.

Read more about Hunan:  History, Geography, Administrative Divisions, Politics, Economy, Artistic, Demographics, Culture, Tourism, Education, Sports