History Of Xinjiang
The recorded history of the area now known as Xinjiang dates to the 2nd millennium BC. There have been many empires, primarily Han, Turkic, and Mongolic, that have ruled over the region, including the Yuezhi, Xiongnu Empire, Han Dynasty, Sixteen Kingdoms of the Jin Dynasty (Former Liang, Former Qin, Later Liang, and Western Liáng), Tang Dynasty, Uyghur Khaganate, Kara-Khanid Khanate, Mongol Empire (Yuan Dynasty), Mongolic Dzungar Khanate, and Manchu Qing Dynasty. Xinjiang was previously known as "Xiyu" (西域), under the Han Dynasty, which drove the Xiongnu empire out of the region in 60 BCE in an effort to secure the profitable Silk Road, but was renamed Xinjiang (新疆, meaning "new frontier") when the region was conquered by the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty in 1759. Xinjiang is now a part of the People's Republic of China, having been so since its founding year of 1949.
Read more about History Of Xinjiang: The Name, Struggle Between Xiongnu and Han China, A Succession of Peoples, Gokturk Empire, The Tang Dynasty, Uyghur Empire, Uyghur State and Kara-Khanid Khanate, Kara-Khitan Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Moghulistan, State of Yarkand, The Khojah Kingdom, The Qing Empire, Uyghur Rebellions and Qing Reconquest, 20th Century and After The Qing Dynasty, Continued Tensions
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