A hash function is any algorithm or subroutine that maps large data sets of variable length, called keys, to smaller data sets of a fixed length. For example, a person's name, having a variable length, could be hashed to a single integer. The values returned by a hash function are called hash values, hash codes, hash sums, checksums or simply hashes.
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“Science has fulfilled her function when she has ascertained and enunciated truth.”
—Thomas Henry Huxley (182595)