Gerundive

Gerundive is a term applied to particular verb forms, usually non-finite, occurring in certain languages. It is used particularly with regard to Latin, where it denotes the future passive participle – a verbal-adjectival form such as portandus, meaning "(which is) to be carried", in the sense of either futurity or necessity. The Latin gerundive is similar in form to the gerund, which is a different non-finite verb form, serving as a verbal noun.

The term gerundive may also be applied in grammatical descriptions of some other languages, where it can denote verbal adjectives, verbal adverbs, or certain finite verb forms. The word comes from Latin gerundīvus ("of a gerund"), which is from gerundium ("gerund"), derived from gerundus, which is itself the gerundive of gerō ("carry, bear, carry out").

Read more about Gerundive:  Latin Gerundive, Gerundives in Other Languages

Other articles related to "gerundive":

French Verb Morphology - Formation of Simple Tenses Active - Present Participle and Gerundive
... The gerundive (le gérondif) consists of the preposition en together with the present participle for example, the present participle of faire is ... The present participle and the gerundive are both invariable that is, they do not change form to agree with any other part of a sentence ...
Tigrinya Verbs - Auxiliary Verbs
... Besides the simple perfect, imperfect, and gerundive, other possibilities consist of combinations of these three with different auxiliary verbs — the copula (እዩ ’ǝyyu, etc.), the present of the verb of ... gerundive + present of verb of existence or copula Corresponds to the English present perfect መጺኣ ኣላ mäs'i’a ’alla 'she has come' ... gerundive + näbärä Corresponds to the English past perfect ከይዶም ነበሩ käydom näbäru 'they (m.) had gone' imperfect + present verb of existence Corresponds to English present ...
Sanskrit Verbs - Participles - Future Participles - Gerundive
... The gerundive is a future passive prescriptive participle, indicating that the word modified should or ought to be the object of the action of the participle ...
Latin Conjugation - Non-finite Forms - Gerundive
... See also Gerundive The gerundive is the passive equivalent of the gerund, and much more common in Latin ... Often, the gerundive is used with an implicit esse, to show obligation ... Gerundive portāre terrēre petere audīre portandus, –a, –um terrendus, –a, –um petendus, –a, –um audiendus, –a, –um ...
Gerundives in Other Languages
... Classical Greek had a gerundive with a verbal-adjectival function similar to that of the Latin ... For details see Ancient Greek grammar Gerundive ... The term gerundive is occasionally used in descriptions of English grammar, to denote the present participle used adjectivally or adverbially ...