Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel ( ; August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher, and a major figure in German Idealism. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and was an important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism.

Hegel developed a comprehensive philosophical framework, or "system", of Absolute idealism to account in an integrated and developmental way for the relation of mind and nature, the subject and object of knowledge, psychology, the state, history, art, religion, and philosophy. In particular, he developed the concept that mind or spirit manifested itself in a set of contradictions and oppositions that it ultimately integrated and united, without eliminating either pole or reducing one to the other. Examples of such contradictions include those between nature and freedom, and between immanence and transcendence.

Hegel influenced writers of widely varying positions, including both his admirers (Strauss, Bauer, Feuerbach, T. H. Green, Baur, Marx, Engels, Vygotsky, F. H. Bradley, Dewey, Sartre, Croce, Dilthey, Gadamer, Küng, Kojève, Fukuyama, Žižek, Brandom, Iqbal) and his detractors (Schopenhauer, Herbart, Schelling, Kierkegaard, Stirner, Nietzsche, Peirce, James, Popper, Russell, Heidegger, Deleuze). His influential conceptions are of speculative logic or "dialectic", "absolute idealism", "Spirit", negativity, sublation (Aufhebung in German), the "Master/Slave" dialectic, "ethical life" and the importance of history.

Read more about Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel:  Works, Legacy

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    When needs and means become abstract in quality, abstraction is also a character of the reciprocal relation of individuals to one another. This abstract character, universality, is the character of being recognized and is the moment which makes concrete, i.e. social, the isolated and abstract needs and their ways and means of satisfaction.
    —Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    Meanwhile, if the fear of falling into error sets up a mistrust of Science, which in the absence of such scruples gets on with the work itself, and actually cognizes something, it is hard to see why we should not turn round and mistrust this very mistrust.... What calls itself fear of error reveals itself rather as fear of the truth.
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    It is a matter of perfect indifference where a thing originated; the only question is: “Is it true in and for itself?”
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    Possession, it is true, crowns exertion with rest; but it is only in the illusions of fancy that it has power to charm us.
    —Karl Wilhelm Von Humboldt (1767–1835)

    It is easier to discover a deficiency in individuals, in states, and in Providence, than to see their real import and value.
    —Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)

    But what experience and history teach is this—that peoples and governments have never learned anything from history, or acted on principles deduced from it.
    —Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831)