|Formal Relations Began
|See Belarus–Libya relations
|See Foreign relations of Bulgaria
Relations with Bulgaria have been troublesome after the a group of Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor were accused of infecting Libyan children with HIV when they worked at a Libyan hospital; the nurses were sentenced to death in a Libyan court, but the death sentences were ultimately commuted and the Bulgarian nurses and Palestinian doctor were sent back to Bulgaria.
|See Croatia–Libya relations
|See Cyprus–Libya relations
|See Czech Republic – Libya relations
|See Denmark – Libya relations
|See France–Libya relations
Libya developed particularly close relations with France after the June 1967 War, when France relaxed its arms embargo on nonfront-line Middle East combatants and agreed to sell weapons to the Libyans. In 1974 Libya and France signed an agreement whereby Libya exchanged a guaranteed oil supply for technical assistance and financial cooperation. By 1976, however, Libya began criticizing France as an "arms merchant" because of its willingness to sell weapons to both sides in the Middle East conflict. Libya later criticized France for its willingness to sell arms to Egypt. Far more serious was Libya's dissatisfaction with French military intervention in the Western Sahara, Chad, and Zaire. In 1978 Gaddafi noted that although economic relations were good, political relations were not, and he accused France of having reverted to a colonialist policy that former French president Charles de Gaulle had earlier abandoned.
In the 1980s, Libyan-French discord centered on the situation in Chad. As mentioned, the two countries found themselves supporting opposite sides in the Chadian Civil War. In late 1987, there were some French troops in Chad, but French policy did not permit its forces to cross the sixteenth parallel. Thus, direct clashes with Libyan soldiers seemed unlikely.
On 10 March 2011, France was the first country in the world to recognise the National Transitional Council as the legitimate government of Libya, in the context of the Libyan civil war against Muammar Gaddafi.
|See Germany–Libya relations
Germany is represented in Libya with an embassy in Tripoli, while Libya has an embassy in Berlin. The relationship between these countries was tense in the late 1980s following a bombing incident, but has improved since with increasingly close co-operation especially on economic matters.
On 13 June 2011, Germany began to recognize the National Transitional Council as the sole legitimate government of Libya.
|See Foreign relations of Greece
|See Foreign relations of Italy
|See Libya–Malta relations
|See Libya–Russia relations
|See Libya–Serbia relations
|See Libya–Turkey relations
|See Libya–Switzerland relations
Relations were severed in 2009, Gaddafi publicly called for the dissolution of Switzerland.
|See Libya – United Kingdom relations
Read more about this topic: Foreign Relations Of Libya Under Muammar Gaddafi
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