East African Campaign (World War I)

East African Campaign (World War I)

Theatres of World War I
  • Balkans
  • Western Front
  • Eastern Front
  • Italian Front
Middle Eastern
  • Caucasus
  • Persia
  • Gallipoli
  • Mesopotamia
  • Sinai and Palestine
  • South Arabia
  • South-West Africa
  • West Africa
  • East Africa
  • North Africa
Asian and Pacific theatre
Other theatres
  • America
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Mediterranean
East African Campaign
  • Zanzibar
  • Rufiji Delta
  • Kilimanjaro
  • Tanga
  • Jassin
  • Bukoba
  • Lake Tanganyika
  • Salaita
  • Latema Nek
  • Kahe
  • Kondoa Irangi
  • Dodoma
  • Mkalamo
  • Lukigura
  • Matamondo
  • Wami
  • Kilosa
  • Mlali
  • Morogoro
  • Kidodi
  • Dutumi
  • Kisaki
  • Njinjo
  • Kimbaramba
  • Kibata (1916)
  • Behobeho
  • Kibata (1917)
  • Mpotona
  • Utete
  • Nambanje
  • Kiawe Bridge
  • Rumbo
  • Narungombe
  • Mahiwa
  • Ngomano

The East African Campaign was a series of battles and guerrilla actions which started in German East Africa and ultimately affected portions of Mozambique, Northern Rhodesia, British East Africa, Uganda, and the Belgian Congo. The campaign was effectively ended in November 1917. However, the Germans entered Portuguese East Africa and continued the campaign living off Portuguese supplies.

The strategy of the German colonial forces, led by Lieutenant Colonel (later Generalmajor) Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, was to drain and divert forces from the Western Front to Africa. His strategy failed to achieve these results after 1916, as mainly Indian and South African forces, which were prevented by colonial policy from deploying to Europe, conducted the rest of the campaign. Nevertheless, the Germans fought for the whole of World War I, receiving word of the armistice on 14 November 1918 at 7:30 a.m. Both sides waited for confirmation, and the Germans formally surrendered on 25 November. German East Africa ultimately became two League of Nations Class B Mandates, Tanganyika Territory of the United Kingdom and Ruanda-Urundi of Belgium, while the Kionga Triangle became a mandate of Portugal.

Read more about East African Campaign (World War I):  Background, Assessments

Famous quotes containing the words east, african and/or campaign:

    An inexperienced heraldist resembles a medieval traveler who brings back from the East the faunal fantasies influenced by the domestic bestiary he possessed all along rather than by the results of direct zoological exploration.
    Vladimir Nabokov (1899–1977)

    The African race evidently are made to excel in that department which lies between the sensuousness and the intellectual—what we call the elegant arts. These require rich and abundant animal nature, such as they possess; and if ever they become highly civilised, they will excel in music, dancing and elocution.
    Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811–1896)

    The fact that a man is to vote forces him to think. You may preach to a congregation by the year and not affect its thought because it is not called upon for definite action. But throw your subject into a campaign and it becomes a challenge.
    John Jay Chapman (1862–1933)