Cooperative learning is an approach to organizing classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. It differs from group work, and it has been described as "structuring positive interdependence." Students must work in groups to complete tasks collectively toward academic goals. Unlike individual learning, which can be competitive in nature, students learning cooperatively capitalize on one another’s resources and skills (asking one another for information, evaluating one another’s ideas, monitoring one another’s work, etc.). Furthermore, the teacher's role changes from giving information to facilitating students' learning. Everyone succeeds when the group succeeds. Ross and Smyth (1995) describe successful cooperative learning tasks as intellectually demanding, creative, open-ended, and involve higher order thinking tasks. Five essential elements are identified for the successful incorporation of cooperative learning in the classroom.
Famous quotes containing the words cooperative and/or learning:
“Then we grow up to be Daddy. Domesticated men with undomesticated, frontier dreams. Suddenly lifeor is it the children?is not as cooperative as it ought to be. Its tough to be in command of anything when a baby is crying or a ten-year-old is in despair. Its tough to feel a sense of control when youve got to stop six times during the half-hour ride to Grandmas.”
—Hugh ONeill (20th century)
“Learning and teaching should not stand on opposite banks and just watch the river flow by; instead, they should embark together on a journey down the water. Through an active, reciprocal exchange, teaching can strengthen learning how to learn.”
—Loris Malaguzzi (19201994)