Chakraborty (Bengali and Assamese চক্রবর্তী Chôkroborti) is a surname meaning "King of Kings" of Bengali and Assamese Hindus in India and Bangladesh. People with the surname Chakraborty commonly belong to the Brahmin caste. It is spelled in various ways, including Chakraborti, Chakrabarti, Chakrabarty for East Indians and Chakravarty, Chakravarthy, Chakravarti, Chakravorti and Chakravorty for South Indians.
It is an honorary title and many with it can be found to be not Brahmins. However, in Assam valley and West Bengal; people with this surname are always Brahmins. They always use their traditional family name (that is, the surname the family had prior to getting the honourary surname Chakrabarty) for the rituals like weddings and Upanayan.
In the past some practitioners of Tantra meditation would seat in a symbol called Tantra Chakra to perform their practices. As they would sit in this symbol they were given the respectable title of Chakravarty.
It is also a surname for Tamil, Telugu and Kannada Sri Vaishnavas.
Read more about Chakraborty: Origin and Meaning