Capability is the ability to perform actions. As it applies to human capital, capability is the sum of capacity and ability.

It is a component within the theories of:

  • Capability-based security and Capability-based addressing in computing
  • Capability approach in welfare economics
  • Capability management in the defence sector
  • Capability (systems engineering), used in the defense industry but also in private industry (e.g. Gap analysis)
  • Capability Brown, an English landscape artist