Command of the Army is exercised by National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa. The Army is divided into four regional command areas:
- Land Force Atlantic Area
- Land Force Quebec Area
- Land Force Central Area
- Land Force Western Area
Each area is responsible for the regular army and reserve forces located within its geographical purview. All except Land Force Atlantic Area has a regular army mechanized brigade group under its command, together with between two and three reserve brigades.
Each mechanized brigade group contains three infantry battalions, an armoured regiment, an artillery regiment, and a combat engineer regiment. Each brigade group also contains a service support battalion, signals squadron and military police platoon.
In addition to the four regional command areas, the Land Force Doctrine and Training System, commanded by a major-general and headquartered at McNaughton Barracks, CFB Kingston, Ontario, is responsible for the supervision, integration and delivery of Army training and doctrine development, including simulation and digitization. It includes a number of schools and training organizations, such as the Combat Training Centre at CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick, and the Canadian Manoeuvre Training Centre at CFB Wainwright, Alberta.
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