In architecture, construction, engineering, real estate development and technology the word building may refer to one of the following:
- Any human-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy, or
- An act of construction (i. e. the activity of building, see also builder)
In this article, the first usage is generally intended unless otherwise specified.
Buildings come in a wide amount of shapes and functions, and have been adapted throughout history for a wide number of factors, from building materials available, to weather conditions, to land prices, ground conditions, specific uses and aesthetic reasons.
Buildings serve several needs of society – primarily as shelter from weather and as general living space, to provide privacy, to store belongings and to comfortably live and work. A building as a shelter represents a physical division of the human habitat (a place of comfort and safety) and the outside (a place that at times may be harsh and harmful).
Ever since the first cave paintings, buildings have also become objects or canvasess of artistic expression. In recent years, interest in sustainable planning and building practices has also become part of the design process of many new buildings.
Famous quotes containing the word building:
“We have our little theory on all human and divine things. Poetry, the workings of genius itself, which, in all times, with one or another meaning, has been called Inspiration, and held to be mysterious and inscrutable, is no longer without its scientific exposition. The building of the lofty rhyme is like any other masonry or bricklaying: we have theories of its rise, height, decline and fallwhich latter, it would seem, is now near, among all people.”
—Thomas Carlyle (17951881)
“Travelling is the ruin of all happiness! Theres no looking at a building here after seeing Italy.”
—Fanny Burney (17521840)
“... whats been building since the 1980s is a new kind of social Darwinism that blames poverty and crime and the crisis of our youth on a breakdown of the family. Thats what will last after this flurry on family values.”
—Stephanie Coontz (b. 1944)