Bengali literature (Bengali: বাংলা সাহিত্য, Bāņglā Sāhiţyo) denotes the body of writings in the Bengali language in South Asia. The earliest extant work in Bengali literature is Charyapada, the Buddhist mystic songs dated to the 10th and 11th centuries. Thereafter, the timeline of Bengali literature is divided into two periods − medieval (1360-1800) and modern (after 1800).
Medieval Bengali literature consists of various poetic genres like Mangalkavya, translations of Sanskrit texts, Vaishnava Padavali, biographies of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and secular texts by Muslim poets etc.
Novels and Epics were introduced to Bengali literature in the mid-19th century. Rabindranath Tagore, poet, playwright, novelist, painter, essayist, musician, and social reformer, is the best known figure of Bengali literature to the world. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. After the post-partition era, Bengali literature comprises literature of erstwhile East Pakistan and modern-day Bangladesh and of Paschimbanga (West Bengal).
Read more about Bengali Literature: Old Bengali Literature, 19th Century, Influence of Rabindranath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Musicians, Bauls and Traditional Singers, Major Literary Figures in (East Bengal) Bangladesh, West Bengal Literature
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“The higher, the more exalted the society, the greater is its culture and refinement, and the less does gossip prevail. People in such circles find too much of interest in the world of art and literature and science to discuss, without gloating over the shortcomings of their neighbors.”
—Mrs. H. O. Ward (18241899)