Bắc Ninh ( listen) is a city in the northern part of Vietnam and is the capital of Bac Ninh province. The city is the cultural, administrative, and commercial center of the province. The city area is 80.82 square km, with a population of 150,331 (2006). In January, 2006, the town (thị xã) of Bac Ninh was upgraded to city (thành phố). The city is home to the Banking Academy of Vietnam, Bac Ninh campus (Học viện Ngân hàng), the Kinh Bac International School, and the Military Academy of Politics main campus (Học viện Chính trị Quân sự).
In March 1884, Bac Ninh was the site of a decisive battle in the wars between France and assorted Chinese/Vietnamese forces.
The city's name was derived from Sino-Vietnamese 北寧, meaning "northern serenity."