Arcadio Huang

Arcadio Huang, also Arcadius Huang or Arcade Huang (Traditional: 黃嘉略, Simplified: 黄嘉略, hanyu pinyin: Huáng Jiālüè, born in Xinghua, modern Putian, in Fujian, November 15, 1679, died October 1, 1716 in Paris), was a Chinese Christian convert, brought to Paris by the Missions étrangères. He took a pioneering role in the teaching of the Chinese language in France around 1715. He was preceded in France by his compatriot Michael Shen Fu-Tsung, who visited the country in 1684.

His main works, conducted with the assistance of young Nicolas Fréret, are the first Chinese-French lexicon, the first Chinese grammar of the Chinese, and the diffusion in France of the Kangxi system with two hundred fourteen radicals, which was used in the preparation of his lexicon.

His early death in 1716 prevented him from finishing his work, however, and Étienne Fourmont, who received the task of sorting his papers, assumed all the credit for their publication.

Only the insistence of Nicolas Fréret, as well as the rediscovery of the memories of Huang Arcadio have re-established the pioneering work of Huang, as the basis which enabled French linguists to address more seriously the Chinese language.

Read more about Arcadio Huang:  Origins, Journey To The West, Installation in Paris, Work On The Chinese Language, Debate After His Death