Allopatric Speciation - Alternative Modes of Speciation

Alternative Modes of Speciation

Sympatric speciation represents an alternative method of speciation that does not require physical separation; instead speciation occurs within a population sharing the same geographic boundaries. For example, the development of polyploidy in plant species can lead to a new species arising within the geographic range of its parent population.

In parapatric speciation there is no physical barrier to gene exchange within the population. Instead, the population is continuous; however, mating is not random. Individuals mate with their closest neighbors rather than with individuals in a more distant location. Divergence may occur as a consequence of both reduced gene flow and natural selection, imposed by the large distance between individuals within a population's habitat.

Allopatric speciation is thought to be the dominant mode of speciation.

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