Wallachia

Wallachia or Walachia (Romanian: Țara Românească or Valahia ; archaic: Țeara Rumânească, Cyrillic: Цѣра Румѫнѣскъ / Цѣра Рȣмѫнѣскъ / Землѧ Ѹгровлахїиска) is a historical and geographical region of Romania. It is situated north of the Danube and south of the Southern Carpathians. Wallachia is sometimes referred to as Muntenia (Greater Wallachia), through identification with the larger of its two traditional sections; the smaller being Oltenia (Lesser Wallachia).

Wallachia was founded as a principality in the early 14th century by Basarab I, after a rebellion against Charles I of Hungary, although the first mention of the territory of Wallachia west of the river Olt dates to a charter given to the voievod Seneslau in 1246 by Béla IV of Hungary. In 1417, Wallachia accepted the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire; this lasted until the 19th century, albeit with brief periods of Russian occupation between 1768 and 1854. In 1859, Wallachia united with Moldavia (as United Principalities), to form the basis of the modern state of Romania, with Transylvania joining 59 years later (1918) to form the new Kingdom of Romania which was first established 1881.

Read more about Wallachia:  Etymology, History, Slavery, Geography

Other articles related to "wallachia":

History Of Wallachia - History - Early Middle Ages
... Slavic peoples crossed the territory of Wallachia and settled in it, on their way to Byzantium, occupying the southern bank of the Danube ... Wallachia was under the control of the First Bulgarian Empire from its establishment in 681, until approximately the Magyar conquest of Transylvania ... state to Byzantium (in the second half of the 10th century up to 1018), Wallachia came under the control of the Pechenegs (a Turkic people) who extended their rule west ...
Serbs In Romania - History - Wallachia
... members of several South Slavic communities to seek refuge in Wallachia - although under Ottoman rule as well, the latter was always subject to less requirements than regions to south of the ...
Military History Of Moldova - Middle Ages - Wallachia and Moldavia
... and south of the Carpathians fell under Mongol occupation after 1241, until the Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia emerged in the 14th century as Hungarian vassals ... In 1330 Basarab I, the voivode of Wallachia, managed to ambush and defeat a 30,000-strong Hungarian army led by King Charles I Robert in the Battle of Posada, eliminating Hungarian interference in ...
Wallachia - Population - Cities
... The largest cities (as per last census) in the Wallachia region are Bucharest (1,926,334) Craiova (302,601) Ploieşti (232,527) Brăila (216,292) Piteşti (168,458) Buz ...
List Of Monarchs Who Lost Their Thrones In The 15th Century - Wallachia
... Dan II of Wallachia Prince of Wallachia 1420 to 1421, 1421 to 1423, 1423 to 1424, 1426 to 1427, and 1427 and 1431 ... Radu II of Wallachia Prince of Wallachia August 1420-1422, 1423, 1424 and 1427 ... Mircea II of Wallachia Prince of Wallachia 1442, deposed, died 1447 ...