A trading post (or trading fort) was a place or establishment where the trading of goods took place; the term is generally used, in modern parlance, in reference to such establishments in historic Northern America, although the practice long predates that continent's colonization by Europeans. The preferred travel route to a trading post or between trading posts, was known as a trade route.
Trading posts were also places for people to meet and exchange the news of the world or simply the news from their home country (many of the world's trading posts were located in places which were popular destinations for emigration) in a time when not even newspapers existed.
Trading posts in general were of great importance to the history of currency. Though barter has been used for millennia and continues to be used, almost from the start of trading post history, the need occurred to have something as a payment medium. Soon trade tokens and eventually coins were produced from precious metals like gold, silver and copper for the use of buying and selling goods instead of simply exchanging them. After the introduction of currency, the first banks occurred in Genoa and Venice almost immediately.
European colonialism traces its roots to ancient Carthage. Originally a trading settlement of Phoenician colonists, Carthage grew into a vast economic and political power throughout the Mediterranean, accumulating wealth and influence through its economic (trading) prowess. Almost every city of importance of the world once started its history as a trading post: Venice, New York, Shanghai, Singapore, Hong Kong, Naples, Rotterdam etc.
The annexation of trading posts along ancient trade routes took place in the 16th and 17th century by European powers like the Dutch and English. It began with the capture of Ceuta (a terminus of the trans-Saharan trade route) by the Portuguese in 1415. They went on to establish further enclaves as they explored the coasts of Africa, Arabia, India and South East Asia in search of the source of the lucrative spice trade. Trading posts were also very common in the early settlements of Canada and the United States for the trade of such things as fur. They were also used in many camps across America as places to buy snacks, items and souvenirs.
The Hudson's Bay Company set up trading posts around Hudson Bay during the fur trade. Goods were traded for beaver pelts amongst the Europeans and the Native Americans. In the United States in the early 19th century, trading posts used by Native Americans were licensed by the federal government and called "factories". Tribes were to concede substantial territory to the United States in order to access the "factories" as happened at Fort Clark in the Treaty of Fort Clark in which the Osage Nation conceded most of Missouri in order to access the trading post.
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Other articles related to "trading post, trading posts, post":
... as Cocumscussoc (or Cocumscossoc), and was the original site of Roger Williams' trading post ... He built the trading post on the site in 1637 to trade with the Narragansetts after receiving the land from the tribe ... Eventually, Williams sold the trading post to Richard Smith to finance his trip to Great Britain to secure a charter for Rhode Island ...
... In the context of Scouting, trading post usually refers to a camp store where snacks, craft materials and general merchandise are sold ... A "trading post" can also be referred to as the place where securities listed on the New York Stock Exchange are traded (bought and sold) ... In recent years, many people have developed their own trading posts such as the Front Range Trading Post in Colorado Springs, CO ...
... The 36th grave was that of former trading post owner Herman Wolf, who died in 1899, the only one to have died a nonviolent death ... Herman Wolfe's trading post was located at "Wolfe's Crossing" on the Little Colorado River about 12 miles north of Leuppe, AZ and near a place called Tolchaco ... thing remaining in the town was a Navajo trading post ...
... Spring Ranch Pauline A stagecoach stop, trading post and village ... Midway Station Gothenburg Built in 1855 as a trading post before being used as an Overland stage station and Pony Express station ... South Platte River, location of a stage station and military post ...
... The Manitoba House Trading Post was established in 1797 on the west shore of Lake Manitoba, about fifteen miles north of the Narrows ... Its original name was Doubtful Post, likely because of a lack of confidence in the survival of the post at the time of its establishment ...
Famous quotes containing the words post and/or trading:
“My business is stanching blood and feeding fainting men; my post the open field between the bullet and the hospital. I sometimes discuss the application of a compress or a wisp of hay under a broken limb, but not the bearing and merits of a political movement. I make gruelnot speeches; I write letters home for wounded soldiers, not political addresses.”
—Clara Barton (18211912)
“His farm was grounds, and not a farm at all;
His house among the local sheds and shanties
Rose like a factors at a trading station.”
—Robert Frost (18741963)