Tocharian or Tokharian (/təˈkɛəriən/ or /təˈkɑriən/) is an extinct branch of the Indo-European language family, formerly spoken in oases on the northern edge of the Tarim Basin (now part of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China). Two branches of Tocharian are known from documents dating from the 3rd to 9th centuries AD:
- Tocharian A (Agnean or East Tocharian; natively ārśi) of Qarašähär (ancient Agni, Chinese Yanqi) and Turpan (ancient Turfan and Xočo); and
- Tocharian B (Kuchean or West Tocharian) of Kucha and Tocharian A sites.
Prakrit documents from 3rd century Kroran on the southeast edge of the Tarim Basin contain loanwords and names that appear to come from another variety of Tocharian, dubbed Tocharian C. All these languages became extinct after Uyghur tribes expanded into the area.
Other articles related to "tocharian languages, tocharian, languages":
... Tocharian vocabulary (sample) English Tocharian A Tocharian B Ancient Greek Sanskrit Latin Gothic Old Irish Proto-Indo-European one sas ṣe heĩs, hen sa(kṛ́t) semel simle samail PToch *sems ...
... Languages 20 ... Tocharian A sas wu tre śtwar päñ ṣäk ṣpät okät ñu śäk śäk-ṣapi śäk-wepi śäk-täryāpi śäk-päñpi śäk-ṣäkpi śäk-okätpi ...
... Tocharian A (Turfanian or East Tocharian) Tocharian B (Kuchean or West Tocharian) ...
Famous quotes containing the word languages:
“No doubt, to a man of sense, travel offers advantages. As many languages as he has, as many friends, as many arts and trades, so many times is he a man. A foreign country is a point of comparison, wherefrom to judge his own.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)