Social psychology is the study of how people and groups interact. Scholars in this interdisciplinary area are typically either psychologists or sociologists, though all social psychologists employ both the individual and the group as their units of analysis.
Despite their similarity, psychological and sociological researchers tend to differ in their goals, approaches, methods, and terminology. They also favor separate academic journals and professional societies. The greatest period of collaboration between sociologists and psychologists was during the years immediately following World War II. Although there has been increasing isolation and specialization in recent years, some degree of overlap and influence remains between the two disciplines.
The collective unconscious, sometimes known as collective subconscious, is a term of analytical psychology, coined by Carl Jung. It is a part of the unconscious mind, shared by a society, a people, or all humanity, in an interconnected system that is the product of all common experiences and contains such concepts as science, religion, and morality. While Freud did not distinguish between an "individual psychology" and a "collective psychology," Jung distinguished the collective unconscious from the personal subconscious particular to each human being. The collective unconscious is also known as "a reservoir of the experiences of our species."
In the "Definitions" chapter of Jung's seminal work Psychological Types, under the definition of "collective" Jung references representations collectives, a term coined by Lucien Lévy-Bruhl in his 1910 book How Natives Think. Jung says this is what he describes as the collective unconscious. Freud, on the other hand, did not accept the idea of a collective unconscious
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Other articles related to "sociology":
... Historically political sociology concerned the relations between political organization and society ... A major subfield of political sociology developed in relation to such questions, which draws on comparative history to analyze socio-political trends ... Contemporary political sociology includes these areas of research, but it has been opened up to wider questions of power and politics ...
... The sociology of health and illness focuses on the social effects of, and public attitudes toward, illnesses, diseases, disabilities and the aging process ... Medical sociology, by contrast, focuses on the inner-workings of medical organizations and clinical institutions ... In Britain, sociology was introduced into the medical curriculum following the Goodenough Report (1944) ...
... Sociology of literature is a subfield of sociology of culture ... None of the founding fathers of sociology produced a detailed study of literature, but they did develop ideas that were subsequently applied to literature by others ... Durkheim's view of sociology as the study of externally-defined social facts was redirected towards literature by Robert Escarpit ...
... most highly ranked journals in the field of general sociology are Sociological Perspectives, the American Sociological Review, the American Journal of Sociology, the British Journal of Sociology, and Sociology ...
... Sociology is the scientific study of human society and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions ... The traditional focuses of sociology include social stratification, social class, culture, race and ethnicity, gender and sexuality, social mobility, religion, secularization ... of human activity are affected by the interplay between social structure and individual agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to further ...
Famous quotes containing the word sociology:
“Living in cities is an art, and we need the vocabulary of art, of style, to describe the peculiar relationship between man and material that exists in the continual creative play of urban living. The city as we imagine it, then, soft city of illusion, myth, aspiration, and nightmare, is as real, maybe more real, than the hard city one can locate on maps in statistics, in monographs on urban sociology and demography and architecture.”
—Jonathan Raban (b. 1942)
“Parenting, as an unpaid occupation outside the world of public power, entails lower status, less power, and less control of resources than paid work.”
—Nancy Chodorow, U.S. professor, and sociologist. The Reproduction of Mothering Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender, ch. 2 (1978)