Supreme Court of Pakistan

Supreme Court Of Pakistan

The Supreme Court of Pakistan (SCOP) (Urdu: عدالت عظمیٰ پاکستان; Adālat-e-Uzma Pākistān) is the apex court in the judicial hierarchy of Pakistan, the final arbiter of legal and constitutional disputes. The Supreme Court has a permanent seat in Islamabad. It also has a number of Branch Registries where cases are heard. The court has a number of de jure powers, outlined in the Constitution. Through several periods of military rule and constitutional suspensions (see Doctrine of necessity), the court has also established itself as a de facto check on military power.

It has the appellate jurisdiction over all high courts (including provincial high courts, district courts, and special courts) and federal courts, as well as original jurisdiction over a few types of cases. The Supreme Court is made up of a chief justice and a number of senior justices who are nominated by the President after consulting the Prime minister. Once appointed justices are expected to complete a designated term and then retire, unless they are removed by the Supreme Judicial Council after receiving a presidential reference regarding misconduct of judge(s).

Read more about Supreme Court Of Pakistan:  Constitutional Authority, Court Composition, The Attack On The Supreme Court in 1997, The Supreme Court Under Musharraf

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... Prior to 18th Constitutional Amendments, appointments to the Supreme Court of Pakistan were made by the President of Pakistan, on the recommendation of the Chief Justice of ... However, following the Supreme Court's judgement in the Al-Jehad Trust case, the government's role in judicial appointments was curtailed ... and the President's office were bound to act on the recommendations of the Chief Justice of Pakistan ...
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... According one news article, the Supreme Court has applied its judgement retroactively, having effect from 3 November 2007 ... The 14-member Supreme Court bench has not, however, applied the sanction to judges who took oath under the 1999 PCO ... laid down in Malik Asad Ali’s case where it was held that the Chief Justice was bound by the Court's judgement ...

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