Suicide (Latin suicidium, from sui caedere, "to kill oneself") is the act of intentionally causing one's own death. Suicide is often committed out of despair, the cause of which can be attributed to a mental disorder such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, alcoholism, or drug abuse. Stress factors such as financial difficulties or troubles with interpersonal relationships often play a significant role.
Over one million people die by suicide every year. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that it is the 13th leading cause of death worldwide and the National Safety Council rates it sixth in the United States. It is a leading cause of death among teenagers and adults under 35. The rate of suicide is far higher in men than in women, with males worldwide three to four times more likely to kill themselves than females. There are an estimated 10 to 20 million non-fatal attempted suicides every year worldwide.
Views on suicide have been influenced by broader cultural views on existential themes such as religion, honor, and the meaning of life. The Abrahamic religions traditionally consider suicide an offense towards God due to the belief in the sanctity of life. It was often regarded as a serious crime and that view remains commonplace in modern Western thought. However, before the rise of Christianity, suicide was not seen as automatically immoral in ancient Greek and Roman culture. Conversely, during the samurai era in Japan, seppuku was respected as a means of atonement for failure or as a form of protest. Sati is a Hindu funeral practice, now outlawed, in which the widow was expected to immolate herself on her husband's funeral pyre, either willingly or under pressure from the family and society. In the 20th and 21st centuries, suicide in the form of self-immolation has been used as a medium of protest, and the form of kamikaze and suicide bombings as a military or terrorist tactic.
Medically assisted suicide and euthanasia are controversial issues in modern ethics. The defining characteristic is the focus on people who are terminally ill, in extreme pain, or possessing (actual or perceived) minimal quality of life resulting from an injury or illness. Self-sacrifice on behalf of another is not necessarily considered suicide; the subjective goal is not to end one's own life, but rather to save the life of another. However, in Émile Durkheim's theory, such acts are termed "altruistic suicide."
Other articles related to "suicide":
... Immediately after the first attack the other suicide bomber who was carrying a concealed explosive belt, was supposed to carry out another attack but his explosive device failed to detonate ... This second suicide bomber, who may have been injured at that point from the explosion, threw away his explosive belt and fled the scene ... The body of the second suicide bomber was washed ashore on the Tel Aviv beachfront on May 12 and was eventually identified on May 19, 2003 ...
... They are attempting to commit suicide ... been condemned to sail the ship for eternity, having successfully committed suicide ...
... According to forensic linguistics, forged suicide notes often contain negative social projections about people who die by suicide ... words like "cowardly", which rarely occur in genuine suicide notes ...
... The Mike's Place suicide bombing was a Palestinian suicide attack on a bar in Tel Aviv, Israel on April 30, 2003, killing three civilians and wounding 50 ...
... and graphology, have investigated the reasons why people who commit suicide leave a note ... Lenora Olson, the most common reasons that people contemplating suicide choose to write a suicide note include one or more of the following To ease the pain of those known to the victim by attempting to dissipate guilt ... To set out the reason(s) for suicide ...
Famous quotes containing the word suicide:
“Most of the folktales dealing with the Indians are lurid and romantic. The story of the Indian lovers who were refused permission to wed and committed suicide is common to many places. Local residents point out cliffs where Indian maidens leaped to their death until it would seem that the first duty of all Indian girls was to jump off cliffs.”
—For the State of Iowa, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)
“It is suicide to be abroad. But what is it to be at home, Mr. Tyler, what is it to be at home? A lingering dissolution.”
—Samuel Beckett (19061989)
“Allow me to say that I would long since have committed suicide had desisting made me a professor of Latin.”
—Ezra Pound (18851972)